Heidi, a 9-year-old female Dachshund, was referred to our Referrals’ emergency and critical care service in February this year due to a history of progressive lethargy and exercise intolerance. Her oral mucous membranes were white and she was severely anaemic (PCV 10%; normal range 35 – 55%). This warranted a blood transfusion to increase her circulating red blood cells to an acceptable level.
Heidi required 2 blood transfusions to raise her PCV to 31%. Additional diagnostic tests performed by our Referrals’ internal medicine service diagnosed her with non-regenerative immune mediated haemolytic anaemia (IMHA). This is a condition in which the body destroys red blood cells and prevents the bone marrow from producing new red blood cells to replace the ones being destroyed. Heidi started immunosuppressive treatment for her medical condition.
Although Heidi has required regular check-ups with us, her bone marrow has started to produce new blood cells and her PCV has stabilised at 38%. Four months later Heidi was able to stop all medication. Our internal medicine service is thrilled with how her condition has responded!